Category Archives: Uncategorized

Diocletian: Forging the Byzantine Empire.

by Pat Lowinger Historians are often overly concerned with dates- which is understandable given the nature of their collective field of study.  Dates help to temporally organize significant events and eras into convenient timelines.  Thus allowing the use of descriptive terminology … Continue reading

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The Jews of Sparta: Diplomatic Origins of Religious Synchronization.

By Pat Lowinger Were the Spartans actually ancient Jews?  Of course not, but within the turbulent political period of the 2nd century BCE there appears to have been a desire to foster a Spartan-Israeli alliance.  In antiquity, as today, few … Continue reading

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The Death of the Roman Republic: Cicero’s Lamentations.

By Pat Lowinger The Roman Republic effectively ended on January 16, 27 BCE when the Roman Senate granted the title and commensurate powers of Augustus to Gaius Octavius, the adopted son of Julius Caesar.  Preceding the Empire, the last body … Continue reading

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The Tropaeum Traiani: Displaying Rome’s Preeminence in Stone.

By Pat Lowinger While I was onsite at this summer at Halmyris, I was fortunate enough to hear several interesting lectures on various aspects of the site and the history of the region.  While all of these presentations were extremely well-done, … Continue reading

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The Helmet of Cotofenesti: Examining Thracian Craftsmanship.

By Pat Lowinger Among the numerous treasures to be found at the Museum of Natural History in Bucharest, Romania is an ancient golden helmet dated to 4th through 3rd century BCE.  This helmet, known as the Helmet of Cotofenesti is … Continue reading

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Greetings From Romania!

Hi Everyone! Well, after a lengthy flight I have arrived in Romania!  The city of Bucharest is definitely a mix of old and new- like most of Europe.  I was fortunate to have already booked a hotel near the central … Continue reading

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The Pauline Epistles: Known and Suspected Forgeries.

By Pat Lowinger Within modern Christianity there remains pervasive misunderstandings regarding the date(s), authorship and transmission of various portions of the New Testament.  One of the most prolific New Testament authors was the Apostle Paul.  Of the fourteen Epistles credited … Continue reading

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